- Black Pepper is scientifically classified as Piper Nigrumas a member of the Piperaceae family.
- The plants bear fruit from the 4th to 5th year and continue to bear fruit for up to 30 years.
- The pepper plant is a perennial woody vine growing up to 15 meter (50 feet) in height depending on the height of the supporting trees, poles or trellises.
- The fruit is known as drupe and when dried it is known as peppercorn.
- The world pepper production as per IPC was estimated at 3,74,200 tonnes in 2015 compared to 3,36,200 tonnes in 2014.
- India is the second largest producer of pepper in the world with 70,000 tons in annual production. Vietnam is the world’s largest producer with 1,20,000 tons.
- The domestic production during 2015-16 was estimated to be 48,500 tonnes and significantly lower than the previous years crop of 70,000 tonnes.
- India is one of the world’s biggest consumers of pepper and consumes nearly 60000 tons of pepper annually.
- The average prices for the period from January to September 2016 were Rs. 675 per Kg.